Pre-ETS and Vocational Rehabilitation

Pre-Employment Transition Services (Pre-ETS)

Helping Montana's students with disabilities get EDUCATED, CONNECTED, and READY for life, work, and independence!

Pre-Employment Transition Services (Pre-ETS) are activities that provide an early start at job exploration for students with disabilities ages 14-21 to assist with transitioning from school to postsecondary education or employment. Vocational Rehabilitation and Blind Services (VRBS) works with schools and other organizations across the state to deliver Pre-ETS services.



Click on each of the five Pre-ETS categories below for more information and resources:

1. Job Exploration Counseling

Explore the world of work, explore interests and abilities, work with a job mentor, shadow a job or career, investigate careers, etc. Examples for schools: career choice curriculum, mentoring programs, Discovery process, guest speakers, PEP Talk courses, teacher resources (texts, assessments, workbooks), attendance at career fairs, and more.


2. Work-Based Learning Experiences

Get valuable work experience through paid or unpaid work, volunteer, complete an internship, or begin an apprenticeship. Examples for schools: Wages paid to students for work experiences, internship projects, staff time for job coaching, in-school work experiences, transportation to and from work sites, curriculum costs, etc.


3. Counseling on Post-Secondary Programs

For those students interested in further education after high school, this may include investigating career paths, referrals to college resources, and campus visits among other activities. Examples for schools: transportation costs to attend career fairs, guest speakers from the University System, staff time to assist students with college-related paperwork, STEM-related curriculum, and more.


4. Workplace Readiness Training

These are services to help you get ready for the challenges of work.  This may include training in soft skills, customer service, workplace communication as well as peer mentoring, independent living skills, accessing transportation, and self-advocacy. Examples for schools: soft skills curriculum or courses, work readiness teaching materials, peer mentoring programs, soft skills classes, local employer panels, bus/transportation training, etc.


5. Instruction in Self-Advocacy

These are services to help you understand more about yourself and how to interact with the world. Examples for schools: courses taught at an Independent Living Center, peer mentoring, self-advocacy, attendance at the Montana Youth Leadership Forum or Montana Youth Transitions Conference, peer or self-advocacy training materials, staff time for coordinating classes, curriculum purchase, and other training opportunities.

Pre-ETS for Students

Pre-employment Transition Services (Pre-ETS) are a subset of VRBS services only provided to students with disabilities. The WIOA defines youth with disabilities as those aged 14 to 24. Students with disabilities are defined as those aged 15 turning 16 in the academic year up to their exit from high school.  The contracts with schools for Pre-ETS services are specific to students with disabilities.


For youth who are not students, regular Vocational Rehabilitation services are available to youth (14 – 24) through an Individualized Plan for Employment.

For more information about Montana Vocational Rehabilitation Pre-ETS services click here or contact:

Vocational Rehabilitation and Blind Services
111 North Last Chance Gulch, Suite 4C
PO Box 4210
Helena, MT 59604-4210

1 (877) 296-1197 (toll-free consumer line)
(406) 444-2590 (voice/TTY)
(406) 444-3632 (fax)